Painful urination in women is a condition when a burning and painful sensation occurs during urination. It is a sign of an infection in the urinary tract also called bladder infection. Vaginal infection or irritation in vagina can also be the cause discomfort, pain or burning sensation while passing urine. The pain can be experienced in the area where the urine passes out of the body, in the bladder or behind the pubic bone in the body. This is quite a common problem and is also termed as dysuria.
Causes – Painful urination in women is usually caused by an inflammation or an infection in the urinary tract and can be due to the following reasons:
1. Urinary Tract Infection: An infection in the urinary tract mostly involves the lower tract which is the urethra and the bladder. It is more common in women causing burning sensation while passing urine, frequent urination and persistent urge to urinate.
2. Kidney Infection: This is a specific type of urinary tract infection and can cause painful urination in women.
3. Bladder Stones: Bladder stones form in the bladder when the minerals in the urine crystallize. These stones can cause painful and frequent urination.
4. Kidney Stones: These stones are small deposits of crystallized minerals in the kidney. Passing of these stones can be extremely painful and causes discomfort and pain while urinating.
5. Vaginitis: This is an inflammation of the vagina which can result in painful urination in women along with other symptoms.
6. Cystitis: Inflammation of the bladder is called cystitis causing a strong urge to urinate, burning sensation and pain while passing urine.
7. Chlamydia: Infection of the genital tract is commonly spread by sexual contact and the symptoms of this condition include lower abdominal pain and pain while passing urine.
8. Vulvovaginitis: This yeast infection of the vulva or vagina can be another cause of pain.
9. Herpes Infection: Herpes infection in the genital area may result in painful urination in women.
10. Irritation: Irritation of the vaginal tissue caused by perfumes, soaps, baths, lotions and other irritants may cause discomfort and burning while urinating.
The doctor will have to do a urinalysis to determine the infection and cause of the pain. If the pain is due to inflammation in the vagina, the doctor may collect the mucus by swabbing the vagina lining to check for yeast or other micro organisms. If the pain is due to an infection in the urethra, it may be swabbed to check for bacteria. Some other tests may also be done to check for other causes. The treatment for painful urination in women may include taking antibiotics so as to avoid kidney infection.
Prevention will keep this painful condition from reoccurring. Increase the intake of water and other fluids. Cranberry juice is said to be effective in curing urinary tract infections. Avoid using vaginal douches, spermicides, perfumed talc or other fragrant products near or in your vagina. Maintaining personal hygiene can help prevent the condition of painful urination in women.