Despite the apparent openness, American education system is institutionally organized to transfer and preserve cognitive, educational traditions and is hostile to innovation. A tradition without its modification, without updating, quickly runs out of steam and is fraught with the decline of the teaching of any discipline.
It is important that college writing is focused on cognitive conjuncture and disciplinary competition. Too complex ideas need to be simplified and popularized. The education system cannot overcome the crisis without deep disciplinary and cognitive transformation of traditions of teaching. The continuously updating mechanism of disciplinary knowledge should be icluded in the space of the learning process. Trends of disciplinary updates come from the atmosphere of cognitive competition in education. In addition, the institutional form of teaching disciplines requires a radical change because it is essentially an impenetrable wall between the faculties, departments, universities and schools.
Scientific knowledge is a special type of cognitive activity aimed at the development of objective, systematized and sound knowledge of nature, man and society. There are two levels of scientific knowledge: empirical and theoretical. The main features of a well-written term paper are: the objectivity of knowledge; the development of conceptual structure; the rationality associated with consistent; evidence; systematic and verifiable high level of generalization of knowledge; flexibility; use of special methods and techniques of cognitive activity.
Writing is the learning process of a student of the world. This feature shows the similarity of training with all types and forms of human cognitive activity, the fact that the learning process is based on the general laws of man’s knowledge of the world. The theory of knowledge of dialectical materialism is the methodological basis of the learning process. The laws of dialectics are manifested in the learning process. Writing research papers is specially organized cognitive activity.
Scientific knowledge is universal in the sense that it can make the subject of investigation of any phenomenon; it can learn everything in the human world –the activity of consciousness, mind, or human activities. However, all that science makes its subject, it explores from patterns and causes. It is necessary to point out that scientific knowledge has its own levels, shapes and forms. Levels of scientific knowledge required to use in a term paper are: empirical meaning identification of objective facts, as a rule, by their obvious connections, and theoretical denoting revealing the fundamental laws, the discovery of visible manifestations of hidden, internal communications and relations. Forms of scientific knowledge for a good term paper are: scientific fact, empirical law, problem, hypothesis, theory. Methods of scientific knowledge for a research design are: observation, experiment, measurement, classification, classification, description, comparison.
All of the parts of term paper can be divided into four areas: the experiment, observation, analysis, comparison. Any research paper involves the study. The project at college is the job of students formulated in the form of the problem, and their purposeful activity, a form of interaction of students with the teacher and students and the result of the activity as they find a way to solve the problem of the project. Moreover, this activity is called the research. To improve the quality of research, it is necessary to teach the right to conduct research, develop research capacity of students using a variety of training. What are the ways to see the problem? How to put forward a hypothesis that points out the way to conduct the research search? Students should learn to think, ask questions in order to generate hypotheses.
The basis for improving the research paper writing process is a systematic approach to the evaluation of possible solutions to research design problems arising, which provides the best option for the appropriate conditions. When taking decisions, the subjective assessment of the instructions should be subject to objectivity solutions arising from the analysis of complete and reliable information on the laws of functioning of the entire system.