Hematuria or blood in the urine is a condition of red blood cells in the urine. It can be termed as either microscopic or gross hematuria. In microscopic, three to five red blood cells are present per high field power when it is viewed under magnification. Gross hematuria is which is visible and can vary in appearance from light to dark red clots. The cause and treatments of the two types of this condition are normally the same.
Hematuria Causes – The causes of blood in urine can be due to leakage of blood cells in urine from the kidneys or other parts of the urinary tract. The urinary tract consists of kidneys, ureters, urethra and bladder. The kidneys help in eliminating the waste and excess fluid from the body in the form of urine. This urine passes through the ureters to the bladder where it is stored till it is passed through the urethra. The causes of blood in urine can be any of the following:
1. Urinary Tract Infections: This infection is common in women and occurs when a bacteria enters the body and multiplies in the bladder. The symptoms of this condition can include pain and burning while urinating and blood in urine.
2. Kidney Stones: Minerals in the urine crystallize to form small hard deposits in the kidney called kidney stones. These stones can cause extreme pain and can result in gross or microscopic hematuria.
3. Bladder Stones: The crystallization of minerals present in urine in the bladder form stones. Bladder stones can cause blood in urine.
4. Kidney Infection: When bacteria enter the kidney, it can result in kidney infection. The symptoms can be pain, fever and passing of blood in the urine.
5. Kidney Injury: Injury to the kidney from an accident can result in bloody urine.
6. Medications: Hematuria can result due to certain medications.
7. Cancer: One of the symptoms of cancer of kidney, prostate or bladder may be visible urinary bleeding.
8. Exercises: Strenuous exercising or intense workouts can cause gross hematuria.
Hematuria Symptoms – Symptoms of hematuria can be visible signs of pink or red colored urine which is the presence of the red blood cells. The bleeding may not be painful, but passing of blood clots may cause pain. Sometimes the blood may not be even visible and can be only seen under a microscope. Red color urine can also be due to certain foods or medications. If caused by other reasons, it should be shown to a doctor.
Hematuria Treatment – Hematuria has no specific treatment since the underlying medical condition has to be treated in order to cure the condition of blood in the urine. The treatments can be:
1. Antibiotics may be prescribed for a urinary tract infection.
2. Surgery may be required to remove the kidney stones in your body. In some cases, the stones are passed out by drinking plenty of water or by first breaking them down.
3. Kidney infections and related diseases need to be treated to reduce inflammation and limit the damage to the kidneys.
4. Surgery and chemotherapy may be required to remove the cancerous tissues.
Various conditions causing blood in urine will have different kinds of tests and treatments to follow and the doctor will decide which course of treatment is needed.