Diabetes is a common health hazard affecting a huge bulk of the world population. It is a disease characterized by increased glucose levels in blood. The carbohydrates we consume provide our body with glucose. The hormone insulin is secreted by the beta-cells of our pancreas in response to the amount of glucose in blood. Insulin burns down glucose, makes it enter the body cells. This is a metabolic process that supplies the body with energy.
A diabetes patient can escape complications of the disease by adopting healthy life-style, diet and physical activity. But if the disease is taken lightly, it may be quite hazardous and even life threatening. Diabetes if goes unnoticed and untreated for a prolonged period can cause serious cardiovascular disorders. Dearth of insulin causes cholesterol to float in blood and clog arterial passage ways leading to heart attack. This is the reason for 80% of deaths due to diabetes. Renal failure, retinal damage, and neuropathy also occur due to diabetes. However effective management of the disease can make the patient less prone to serious complications. Some ways to manage diabetes effectively are given below.
1. Treatment and medications – Insulin injections are usually recommended for Type 1 diabetes. For Type 2 diabetes, oral medications are prescribed by doctors. The common medicines prescribed include avandamet oral, amaryl oral, actos-oral, lantus SubQ, byetta SubQ, cozaar oral etc.
2. Herbs – Diabetes can be treated with the help of some very beneficial herbs. Cinnamon, bitter melon, kino, slyvestre, onion, garlic, fenugreek, blueberry, Asian ginseng, gingko biloba, banaba etc are useful herbs for diabetes. Many herbal supplements are composed of these herbs.
3. Exercise – Exercise is a very effective; rather foundational diabetes management technique. Flexibility or stretching exercises are needed. They improve joint flexibility, range of motion, and balance. Aerobic exercises like walking, jogging, cycling, biking and skiing are quite essential for diabetics. Such exercises effectively burn down calories, help one to shed pounds of flab and thus allow metabolism to run properly.
4. A diabetic should take moderate amount of carbohydrates, at the same time keeping in mind the nutritional value of food. Generous eating of highly processed, flavored food is to be avoided, for they supply the body with hoards of carbohydrates and an increased amount of insulin production takes place in response to that, slowly making the body cells non-reactive to insulin by turning off the insulin receptors.
Hope this article will help you know some of the effective and practical tips and methods to control your blood sugar levels.