Kenya lies astride the equator on the eastern coast of Africa. Kenya is bordered in the north by Sudan and Ethiopia, in the east by Somalia, on the southeast by the Indian Ocean, on the southwest by Tanzania and to the west by Lake Victoria and Uganda.
Kenya is notable for its geographical variety. The low lying, fertile coastal region, fringed with coral reefs and islands, is back by a gradually rising coastal plain, a dry region covered with thorn bush.
The climate of Kenya is as varied as its physical structure. Climatic conditions vary from the tropical humidity of the coast, through the dry heat of the hinterland and northern plains, to the cool air of the plateau and mountains.
Seasonal variations are distinguished by duration of rainfall rather than changes of temperature. Most regions of the country have two rainy seasons, the long rains falling between April and June, and the short rains between October and December. Average annual rainfall varies from 5 inches a year in the most arid regions of the northern plains to 70 inches a year near Lake Victoria. The coast and highland areas have an average of 40 inches per year.
Currently there are more than 40 different ethnic groups in Kenya.
The main groups of tribes are the Bantu who migrated from western Africa, the Nilotic people who originated from Sudan and the Hamitic group, who were mainly pastoral tribes from Ethiopia and Somalia. The main tribes are Kikuyu 21percent, Meru 5 percent, Kalenjin, Luyha, Luo 14 percent, Kisii, Kamba, Swahili, Masai, Turkana.
A large proportion of the Kenyan population are Christians found mainly outside the coastal and eastern provinces. Muslims make up some 30 percent of the population found in the coastal areas and in the eastern side of the country. The rest is a combination of other minority religions such as Hindus, Buddhist and those who follow their ancestral tribal beliefs popular music in Kenya encompasses a wide range of styles of both local and international origin. Among Kenyans, language is one of the crucial factors in defining their music.
Instruments used for traditional must include the African Sistrum Great which is used for rituals or a fun rhythm instrument, creates an excellent sound two are used at the same at a time. A variety of rattles and shakers, small harps, the Wandidi a Kikuyu fiddle and traditional drums.
Most art and craft production is for the lucrative tourist market.