Munich is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. It is known in Germany as the city with the village feel. It has all the sophistication of a big-city but is on a smaller and much friendlier scale.
Munich was the site of the 1972 Summer Olympics. It was during the Olympics that Israeli athletes were assassinated by Palestinian terrorists. When terrorist gunmen from the Palestinian Black September group took hostage members of the Israeli Olympic team. A attempt by the West German government to rescue was unsuccessful and resulted in the deaths of the Israeli hostages, five of the terrorists, and one German police officer.
Many of the citys attractions are in the immediate vicinity, so sightseeing can easily be done on foot or by hopping on and off trams.
The former artists quarter is now considered the most fashionable part of the city, with numerous bars, cafes, restaurants and nightlife venues.
The main shopping areas are Neuhauserstrasse and Kaufingerstrasse, both lined with large department stores and international chains. Smaller more exclusive boutiques can be found around Maximilianstrasse and Theatinerstrasse.
The city is famous for its breweries and the Weilbier is a speciality from Bavaria. Nightlife is the collective term for any entertainment that is available and more popular from the late evening into the early hours of the morning. It includes pubs, bars nightclubs, live music, cabaret, small theatres, small cinemas, shows. Nightlife encompasses entertainment from the fairly tame to the risque to the seedy. Nightlife entertainment is inherently edgier than daytime amusements, and usually more oriented to young adults.
Hofbrauhaus beer has been swilled at this world-famous tavern site since it became a royal brewery in 1605. Equally famous is the Bavarian jollity and conviviality, known as gemuchtlikheid, which has emanated directly from the Hofbrauhaus in Munich along with the beer which flows freely there each day, you are served by robust rosy-cheeked young women clad in Bavarian dress in litre-sized beer steins.
The Marienplatz is the heart of the city and the site of its most important historic buildings. The square is dominated by the Neo-Gothic Town Hall featuring its famous Glockenspiel, both where built in the 19th century. The Glockenspiel delights visitors when it chimes the hours every day at 11am, 12pm, 5pm and 9pm with its 43 bells, accompanied by moving clockwork figures that display vignettes from Munichs history. The Town Hall has a tower that can be accessed by a lift.