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Some major diseases exist in todays scenario

A hernia is an opening or weakness in the muscular structure of the wall of the abdomen. This defect causes a bulging of the abdominal wall. This bulging is usually more noticeable when the abdominal muscles are tightened, thereby increasing the pressure in the abdomen.

Any activities that increase intra-abdominal pressure can worsen a hernia; examples of such activities are lifting, coughing, or even straining to have a bowel movement. Imagine a barrel with a hole in its side and a balloon that is blown up inside the barrel. Part of the inflated balloon would bulge out through the hole. The balloon going through the hole is like the tissues of the abdomen bulging through a hernia.

Serious complications from a hernia can result from the trapping of tissues in the hernia, a process called incarceration. Trapped or incarcerated tissues may have their blood supply cut off, leading to damage or death of the tissue. The treatment of an incarceration usually involves surgery.

The most common location for hernias is the groin (or inguinal) area. There are several reasons for this tendency. There is a natural anatomical weakness in the groin region which results from incomplete muscle.Most people have four pea-sized glands, called parathyroid glands, on the thyroid gland in the neck.

Though their names are similar, the thyroid and parathyroid glands are completely different. The parathyroid glands make parathyroid hormone (PTH), which helps your body keep the right balance of calcium and phosphorous.If your parathyroid glands make too much or too little hormone, it disrupts this balance. If they secrete extra PTH, you have hyperparathyroidism, and your blood calcium rises.

In many cases, a benign tumor on a parathyroid gland makes it overactive. Or the extra hormones can come from enlarged parathyroid glands. Very rarely, cancer is caused.Piles in India are generally used as a loose common term to include piles, hemorrhoids, fistulas and fissures with skin tags.

Fistulas are an abnormal small opening next to the anus from where discharge keeps occurring. This is due to a tunnel like tract between the anal canal and the skin. This condition always requires surgery for cure. Piles and their symptoms, which are one of the most common afflictions in the Western world, are also seen commonly in India. Not many people like to talk about it hence true statistics in India are not available.

In the west over half the population over the age of 50 suffers from it. However they can occur at any age and can affect both women and men.The thyroid is a small butterfly shaped gland located in the ‘throat’ region, in front of the windpipe. The function of the thyroid gland is to make, store and release thyroid hormones.

The hormones produced by the thyroid gland influence almost all the organs, every tissue and every cell in the body. Thyroid hormones regulate the body’s metabolism too. They have a bearing on the heart rate, cholesterol level, body weight, energy level, muscle strength, skin condition, menstrual regularity, memory function and many other conditions.

This article has been written by who is specialist of Hernia, Parathyroid and thyroid.