Tumor surgery is an important procedure performed to patients whether the tumor is benign or malignant. It is done for either diagnostic or therapeutic reasons. But what is a tumor, for starters? A tumor is a lump, an abnormal type of growth caused by uncontrolled cell division. A tumor can be either of the two types. Benign tumors have no potential of spreading. Once they were removed surgically, they are already cured. But malignant tumors on the other hand are difficult to deal with. They are the cancerous type and they can spread through the body even after they were removed by tumor surgery. Such cases are life threatening especially when not detected early.
Most of the times, after tumor surgery is done on malignant cases, other forms of cancer treatment are also necessary. Chemotheraphy is the most usual process performed to patients after removal of a lump through tumor surgery. There are times also that tumor surgery is worked on to cancer patients but not to cure the cancer. It is just to ease excruciating pain.
Tumor surgery is performed to cancer patient for many reasons. One is to remove the parts that are greatly damaged. In this case, the surgeon will remove not only the whole tumor but the tissues around it as well. This is done even if such tissues are healthy since there is no assurance that tissues around the cancerous tumor will develop into cancer or not.
Tumor surgery is also often done to assess properly the extent of the cancer, how far it has spread and to know the nature of that certain cancer. To know this, sampling is necessary. The surgeon will take a small portion from the lump and have it studied in a laboratory. Such process is called biopsy.
As with any type of surgical procedure, you have the right to understand why a procedure should be done, what is involved in preparing for the procedure, what you can expect to happen during the procedure, and how you will go about recovering from the surgery. Before you make a decision to go ahead with the surgery, make sure you ask your doctor any questions that are on your mind, no matter how small or insignificant they may seem. In the end, it will allow you to go into the operating room fully informed about your condition and the possible outcomes, which in turn allows you to be in a much better frame of mind.